The journey of heating oil from your local fuel supplier to your home heating oil tank is the last step in the process. The journey really begins with heating oil being refined from crude oil. The refining process separates crude oil into different fractions.
The lighter fractions eventually become propane, butane and petrochemicals while heavier fractions are used to produce gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel fuel and No. 2 home heating oil. But it doesn’t end there. Heavier fractions become No. 4 or No. 6 heating oils, used for commercial and industrial buildings, schools and hospitals
After refining, No. 2 heating oil resembles the color of champagne. However, for tax purposes, regulations require that heating fuel be dyed red before it is sold so it cannot be confused with on-road diesel fuel, which is subject to tax. The dye has no effect on the fuel and how it burns.
After it is refined and ready for use, heating oil is transported via ship, barge, truck, and/or pipeline to major fuel terminals. It is distributed from the terminals to local heating oil companies. Many of these companies have their own storage facilities, which can hold thousands of gallons of heating oil. These company storage facilities ensure that an adequate supply of fuel is on hand during the cold months for people who keep their homes warm with heating oil.
In much of the country, there is another step in the process before heating oil gets to your home: blending ultra-low sulfur heating oil with renewable biodiesel. This blending process results in the creation of Bioheat fuel.
The most refined grade of heating oil available, Bioheat fuel is one of the cleanest burning heating sources for your home. It reduces greenhouse gas emissions significantly and no changes to your existing heating oil system are necessary.
Because of the increasing availability of Bioheat fuel, the energy outlook has never been brighter for South Carolina homeowners who heat with oil! Find out more about Bioheat fuel.